The Urban Planning of Shantou
The city of Shantou has a 150-year heritage. Now, the Shantou city region contains about 2000 square kilometres and the Shantou central city has about 100 square kilometre with 1,2 million inhabitants. The central city grew from a 0,5 square kilometre old town along an inner sea bay. Whilst the principles of organic regeneration and expansion apply to the city region where new spaces will be developed, for the built-up downtown area, the major task is organic regeneration.
The Shantou city has a rich history that dates back to the early 20th Century that left a strong impression of colonial architecture on its urban fabric. It is located on the eastern coast of China and is about 300 kilometer from Hong Kong. It was a vibrant city of its time. The port boosted the economy and guided the growth of the city, which is now the old town. During the UPAT workshop the potentials of Shantou were analysed, conclusions were drawn and recommendations for further planning and development were suggested. Shantou has the potential to become a world-leading city; as the best place in China for families, with a unique and authentic restored old city in its centre. The regeneration of the old city, based on preservation and restoration of the historic buildings, together with development of a mixed-use pattern in human scale, re-connection of the city to the water by developing the waterfronts, and rebuilding Shantou as a liveable and resilient city.