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Urban spaces: neighbourhood streets with pedestrian friendly streets

Walking is a basic and traditional way for people to get around, and it has the advantages of being green and low-carbon and flexible. With the sustainable development of cities, people have higher requirements for the quality of pedestrian streets. People are gradually changing from being car-centred to being people-centred. In the design of the neighbourhood, we need to try to design a humane pedestrian transport system. Explore how different pedestrian spaces can meet people’s needs. To promote a pedestrian system that can stimulate the vitality of the neighbourhood on the basis of satisfying traffic and mobility.

How to walk

There are very many different categories in the division of walking behaviour. For example, there is a division into necessary and non-necessary activities and purposeless behaviour based on the motivation for the behaviour. This can also be divided by the purpose and location of the activity. Fast and slow walking, strolling, sight-seeing and resting. Different modes of walking activity have different impacts on public space. The quality of use of urban pedestrian areas does not prove that the area is friendly. The lack of transport facilities and public amenities often forces people to use pedestrianised streets in a single way.

fig1: Cluttered walking space https://wap.xinmin.cn/content/32018901.html

Friendly Walking Space Model

Improving the pedestrian environment by designing pedestrian-friendly street spaces. It makes necessary sense to inspire people to engage in more walking behaviour. Pedestrian-friendly streets can alleviate urban problems, improve quality of life and increase economic benefits. The pedestrian-friendly neighbourhoods are divided into five different forms.These are the passage space, the stay space, the compatible space, the street interface and the spatial organisation.
Passage spaces, which provide unobstructed passage and a pleasant walking experience. Staying spaces, which are designed to enhance the friendliness of the street by providing spaces for activities that do not require walking behaviour, such as plazas, after the passage space has been satisfied. Compatible spaces, combining circulation spaces and sojourn spaces. Providing purposeful overlapping pedestrian spaces. The street interface, a junction space at the point of morphological differentiation. The street interface has a rich and varied character. Greenery, trees, seating, etc. are all part of the street interface. Spatial organisation, the most complex of the spatial environments of the street. The integration of multiple elements increases the diversity of the space. This creates an interesting and friendly pedestrian street space. Aesthetically pleasing street spaces are created.

fig2: Passage spaces https://mediamo.co.kr/?p=30869

fig3: Compatible spaces https://ie.bjd.com.cn/a/201910/08/AP5d9bc150e4b09370732a0a29.html

fig4: Spatial organization http://www.cdsfl.org.cn/show-12-27840-1.html 

Summary

The pedestrian-friendly street form is people-oriented. The pedestrian space is adequately supported for people. The chronic imbalance in the development of urban transport contributes to the lack of pedestrian-friendly streets. By sorting out the pedestrian subject, the pedestrian environment and the pedestrian behaviour. A sense of the morphology of different pedestrian streets. The design of pedestrian-friendly street space morphology complements the city and is maintained and managed at a later stage. Encourage public participation in the pedestrian-friendly optimisation of streets. Create pedestrian-friendly streets that are initially more humane.
It is hoped that this paper will be of some use in the exploration of pedestrian-friendly streets. It is hoped that it will provide two ways for people to build ideal cities and good living in the future.

Reference

[1] Yu Changming, and Wu Peiyang. “Research Review of Urban Green Space Walkability Evaluation Methods.” Chinese Garden 34.4 (2018): 18-23.
[2] Sun Guibo, and He Jie. “A Preliminary Study on Urban Walking Behavior in China.” Urban and Rural Planning (2018).
[3] Gu Hao, Zhou Kaichen, and Wang Lan. “Study on the Evaluation and Optimization of Walking Index Based on Health Perspective: Taking Jing’an District of Shanghai as an Example.” International Urban Planning 34.5 (2019): 43-49.

 

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Planning and Landscape
Newcastle upon Tyne
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