Urban vs Rural
As per National Geographic, an urban area is the region surrounding a city. Most inhabitants of urban areas have non-agricultural jobs. Urban areas are very developed, meaning there is a density of human structures such as houses, commercial buildings, roads, bridges, and railways.
“Urban area” can refer to towns, cities, and suburbs. An urban area includes the city itself, as well as the surrounding areas. Many urban areas are called metropolitan areas, or “greater,” as in Greater New York or Greater London.
As per National Geographic, A rural area is an open swath of land that has few homes or other buildings, and not very many people.
I was born in city- Bareilly and completed my higher secondary education there, went to Delhi to do my bachelor’s and now doing Masters in Newcastle Upon Tyne. I have been to many villages as well in India with my parents for vacations or to meet their childhood friends.
I remember my first visit to Sirsa village nearer to Pilibhit city, around 56 km from my hometown. I found a different aura in Sirsa in comparative to cities. It was like “Heaven on earth”. I found some huge differences in Villages in comparative to cities I have visited.
Urban areas are full of skyscrapers that are made up of glass panels. A large population forces cities to occupy space upwards because expanding space on the ground level is no longer an option. People’s lifestyles differ greatly along with this disparity of building style. Offices, as well as rooms for living, are getting smaller day by day.
The houses in the villages have large areas with courtyard in between. Scattered amongst fields of wheat and corn. The houses in the villages are mostly one or two Storeys high and are traditional.
In urban areas, people find establishing friendship with their Neighbours very difficult. They either are sheltered inside one of the small blocks in skyscrapers or fasten their pace on the street, keep their heads down to avoid eye-contact with strangers. The sense of indifference is pervaded into every corner of the city. Some people appreciate this indifference as a “polite, appropriate distance for respecting personal space;” others might criticize it for “the city has corrupted the benign essence of human beings” because people raise their vigilance out of distrust to one another.
Most people in the city are restricted to the virtual world of social networking sites. Even they don’t know who lives beside them. People hardly have any time for themselves in the city. Parties, occasions and holidays are the only events where people get to meet their loved ones and relatives.
“In villages you leave your key to your Neighbours and let them watch your dog, while in a big city you check your door lock all the time,” people say. People in villages, come in contact and hence talk to each other directly. No one can remain a stranger in the villages due to constant communication and interaction with a small population.
In urban areas, all you find is roads, huge built masses made up of glass and concrete, neon lights and little green adjusted between the blocks. People hustling over the speed of light and other small things rather than enjoying their lives.
As we all know, we are the part of nature, not nature is part of us. In rural areas, you will find Huge green fields, trees and farmlands in which houses are made. Also, you will find, peace to the senses and picturesque views.
An urban area is characterized by various kinds of pollution such as noise pollution, visual pollution, water pollution and air pollution. This is due to that fact that there are a number of factories, industries and mills in a city than in villages. There is also lack of trees to absorb all that pollution and clean the air.
On the other side, villages are endowed with pure air devoid of pollution. You can drink fresh water directly from rivers. Also, visual and noise pollution are less in villages.
In urban areas people are less healthy (physically and mentally) in comparative to rural areas because life in cities is fast, people took stress of their daily life and also eat packed food which contains preservatives which are not good for health. People use public transport or their private vehicle to travel from one place to another which make them lazy.
While in rural areas, people are very relaxed they don’t take stress as their livings are easy and not have any burden of money, work or home. People here consume fresh food which they grow in their farms and also to move from one place to another they use to walk which makes them active and healthy.
In urban areas, mostly people have no schedule in their daily life. Sometimes they wake up early in the morning sometimes not. Stores in major cities close quite late, usually after 10. Restaurants usually close at midnight, or even later.
People living in rural areas get up before sunrise and rest before 10. They do prayers in the morning, have food with family then go to their works.
One of the main features of the city is the transportation facilities. Most city dwellers have their own private transport, like a bike or car. There is plenty of public transportation, like metros, railways, cab services, buses, and even auto-rickshaws. Recently, due to financial and environmental concerns all across the globe, carpooling has also become one of the most renowned options for transportation in the city.
In villages, horse carts, bullock carts, bicycles or walking are the main means of transportation. Long-distance travel is covered by the buses issued by the state government. Complex underground systems are not needed, and certainly no viaducts and highways are built every five steps. Streets are almost empty, even in rush hours.
We designers are the guardians of our mother earth. We need to think of these differences which cities have in comparative to village life.
“A village is a hive of glass, where nothing unobserved can pass.”- Charles Spurgeon
“I had rather be first in a village than second at Rome.”- Julius Caesar