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The first question that comes into our mind when listen or read the word public space is what those places are and how these are different from other spaces that we design as designer. for me public spaces are those areas where people from different culture, nationalities etc. meet and interacts with each other without any barriers. As designers, we are constantly reflecting on the ingredients and elements required to make buildings and places work.

Public space plays a fundamental role in city life. It is a space for human contact, for meetings between different cultural and social groups, and where planned and spontaneous social interactions can occur. It consists of parks and squares, but also of the streets themselves. Well-designed public spaces make for healthier, more creative and inclusive cities, where regardless of economic status, gender, age, ethnicity, or religion, everyone can participate in the opportunities that cities offer.



Accessibility and Inclusivity

Public spaces should be designed to accommodate people of all ages, abilities, and backgrounds. This means considering factors such as wheelchair access, clear wayfinding, and the provision of amenities and facilities that cater to a wide range of users. Prioritizing accessibility and inclusivity helps to create a welcoming environment and promotes a sense of community.

Flexibility and Adaptability

Public spaces should be adaptable to accommodate various uses and activities over time. By incorporating flexible design elements, architects can create spaces that can easily transform and evolve with the changing needs of the community. This approach ensures that public spaces remain relevant and engaging, fostering a sense of ownership among residents.


Safety and Comfort

A successful public space should provide a sense of safety and comfort for its users. This can be achieved through the thoughtful placement of seating, lighting, and other amenities, as well as the consideration of sightlines and surveillance opportunities. By prioritizing safety and comfort, architects can encourage people to linger and engage in social activities, enhancing the overall vibrancy of the space.

Sustainability and Resilience

As the global focus shifts toward sustainable development and climate resilience, architects must integrate these principles into public space design. This can include the incorporation of green infrastructure, such as stormwater management systems and urban forests, as well as the use of sustainable materials and energy-efficient technologies. By designing public spaces with sustainability and resilience in mind, architects can contribute to the long-term viability and adaptability of urban environments.

By understanding and applying these key principles, architecture students can develop a solid foundation for designing public spaces that meet the diverse needs of users and contribute to thriving, inclusive communities.



Sprawling just outside St. Peter’s Basilica, St. Peter’s Square is a large, oval Square wrapped by Doric colonnades about four columns deep. The approach to the Square from the Basilica is a trapezoidal piazza which brings the Basilica into its focal perspective.

           FIG 03:ST. PETERS SUQARE

Nestled in the rich, sacred, and historic Vatican City, the Basilica and the Square is visited by many tourists from all around the world. Saint Peter, the apostle of Jesus considered by Catholics to be the first pope, is the namesake of both the Basilica and the Square.


By prioritizing community engagement and staying informed about the latest developments in design, technology, and urban planning, they can contribute to the creation of cities that are more connected, resilient, and equitable. The impact of well-designed public spaces goes beyond aesthetics; it has the potential to transform communities and improve the lives of those who live, work, and play within them.

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School of Architecture
Planning and Landscape
Newcastle upon Tyne
Tyne and Wear, NE1 7RU

Telephone: 0191 208 6509