Significance of public transport for sustainable urban development
1. The significance of giving priority to the development of urban public transport
Bus Priority: Improving Existing Road Resources
A shortcut to utilization According to statistics, every 20 bicycles or 4 cars occupy the same road area as 1 bus. Compared with cars, public transport can transport the same number of passengers, save 3/4 of land resources, 4/5 of building materials, 5/6 of investment, 1/10 of air pollution, and 1/1 of traffic accidents. /10. / 100. The data can best explain the problem, and the most effective mode of transportation is urban public transportation. Prioritizing public transportation is undoubtedly the first choice to overcome the intensification of basic contradictions such as serious pollution, energy shortage, congestion, less people and less roads.
Prioritizing Public Transit: Urban Economic Development
The objective requirements of a World Bank study showed that when the economic growth rate is lower than the growth in traffic demand, it is basically more than twice. It can be seen that transportation is an important basis for economic development. Urban public transportation directly guarantees the orderly operation of urban economic life and is the first process of urban production. Therefore, prioritizing urban public transport has become an important part of the global economic development strategy.
2. The main countermeasures for the priority development of public transport
Establish and improve urban public transportation
The system of laws and regulations provides legal protection for the priority development of urban public transportation, establishes and improves the system of laws and regulations, and speeds up the legislative process. In terms of vehicle configuration, service quality, facilities and equipment, station construction, etc., construction is strictly in accordance with standards and services are provided. To further improve the urban public transport technology standard system. Establish and improve a diversified investment mechanism for public transport.
Improve the industry in an all-round way
Technical level and service quality Increase investment in scientific research, strengthen scientific research foundation and applied research of urban public transportation, develop new transportation tools such as large-capacity express train operation system with characteristics of large capacity, speed, and safety, and improve the technical content of urban public transportation operation. At the same time, it is necessary to strengthen the construction of civilized industries, strengthen vocational skills and moral education training, improve the operational efficiency and service level of urban public transportation, and ensure that residents travel in a comfortable and safe environment.
With the expansion of urban construction scale and the rapid development of the national economy, urban traffic problems continue to aggravate. Prioritizing the development of public transport is considered to be one of the most effective and important ways to improve traffic conditions, promote traffic and urban sustainable development, alleviate traffic problems, and improve traffic efficiency.