Through classroom lectures and information searches, I have summarised my knowledge of sustainable transport.
As urban processes accelerate around the world, urban transport is becoming a major issue for many cities.Urbanisation is accelerating, with huge populations putting traffic pressure on cities, leading to serious pollution of the urban ecosystem, and posing a threat to the national economy and the global environment.Therefore, how to promote sustainable transport is a must for urban development.
What is sustainable transport?
Sustainable transport has a wide range of meanings, mainly consisting of ease of construction, safety, efficiency and low carbon.
Intelligent Transport Systems (ICT)
Intelligent transportation system is the direction of low-carbon development of urban transportation, an effective way to solve the supply and demand between urban roads and vehicles, through the management of integrated traffic data, to guide residents to travel, improve the travel rate, change the mode of travel, and provide real-time travel dynamic information for travelers(e.g. weather, traffic congestion, public transport departure and arrival times and other special issues) to improve the efficiency and reduce the rate of inefficient travel by residents.
Public transport accessibility
The interaction of the nodes in the transport network, the spatial area, the distance and the accessibility of the city have become prerequisites for the integration and development of the city region.To achieve a balance between the demand space of urban residents and the public transport space in the shortest possible travel time, to improve the internal structure, the environment and the routes of transport stations, and to achieve public transport accessibility.
Low carbon travel
Increasing non-motorised travel is the most basic and least carbon-intensive form of travel, and there are significant limitations to such travel, with long travel times and unsuitable for long distance travel.Therefore, it is recommended to improve the landscaping of the building of wonderful pedestrian and non-motorised spaces, to increase infrastructure, to increase safety and comfort, and to design enough attractive spaces so that more residents will want to choose such mood-pleasing ways of travelling.
Low carbon economy
The promotion of shared bicycle rental is a new type of green sharing economy, and as a low-carbon and environmentally friendly green transport, shared bicycles need government funding support.The city needs to unify its management and build on-street bicycle storage stations based on the characteristics of the transport rail stations, positioning them at low prices, with the time of use determining the number of prices. Allow residents to achieve freedom of movement.
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Zhao Bei． Analysis of the characteristics of residents’ travel mode and research on the priority policy of public transport [D]. Jilin: Jilin University. 2008.
Feng Bao. Study on the planning of bicycle interchange facilities at railway stations [D]. Nanjing: Southeast University, 2012.