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Urban spaces: neighbourhood streets with pedestrian friendly streets
Walking is a basic and traditional way for people to get around, and it has the advantages of being green and low-carbon and flexible. With the sustainable development of cities, people have higher requirements for the quality of pedestrian streets. People are gradually changing from being car-centred to being people-centred. In the design of the neighbourhood, we need to try to design a humane pedestrian transport system. Explore how different pedestrian spaces can meet people’s needs. To promote a pedestrian system that can stimulate the vitality of the neighbourhood on the basis of satisfying traffic and mobility.
How to walk
There are very many different categories in the division of walking behaviour. For example, there is a division into necessary and non-necessary activities and purposeless behaviour based on the motivation for the behaviour. This can also be divided by the purpose and location of the activity. Fast and slow walking, strolling, sight-seeing and resting. Different modes of walking activity have different impacts on public space. The quality of use of urban pedestrian areas does not prove that the area is friendly. The lack of transport facilities and public amenities often forces people to use pedestrianised streets in a single way.
fig1: Cluttered walking space https://wap.xinmin.cn/content/32018901.html
Friendly Walking Space
Improving the pedestrian environment by designing pedestrian-friendly street spaces. It makes necessary sense to inspire people to engage in more walking behaviour. Pedestrian-friendly streets can alleviate urban problems, improve quality of life and increase economic benefits. The pedestrian-friendly neighbourhoods are divided into five different forms.These are the passage space, the stay space, the compatible space, the street interface and the spatial organisation.
Passage spaces, which provide unobstructed passage and a pleasant walking experience. Staying spaces, which are designed to enhance the friendliness of the street by providing spaces for activities that do not require walking behaviour, such as plazas, after the passage space has been satisfied. Compatible spaces, combining circulation spaces and sojourn spaces. Providing purposeful overlapping pedestrian spaces. The street interface, a junction space at the point of morphological differentiation. The street interface has a rich and varied character. Greenery, trees, seating, etc. are all part of the street interface. Spatial organisation, the most complex of the spatial environments of the street. The integration of multiple elements increases the diversity of the space. This creates an interesting and friendly pedestrian street space. Aesthetically pleasing street spaces are created.
fig2: Passage spaces https://mediamo.co.kr/?p=30869
fig3: Compatible spaces https://ie.bjd.com.cn/a/201910/08/AP5d9bc150e4b09370732a0a29.html
fig4: Spatial organization http://www.cdsfl.org.cn/show-12-27840-1.html
The pedestrian-friendly street form is people-oriented. The pedestrian space is adequately supported for people. The chronic imbalance in the development of urban transport contributes to the lack of pedestrian-friendly streets. By sorting out the pedestrian subject, the pedestrian environment and the pedestrian behaviour. A sense of the morphology of different pedestrian streets. The design of pedestrian-friendly street space morphology complements the city and is maintained and managed at a later stage. Encourage public participation in the pedestrian-friendly optimisation of streets. Create pedestrian-friendly streets that are initially more humane.
It is hoped that this paper will be of some use in the exploration of pedestrian-friendly streets. It is hoped that it will provide two ways for people to build ideal cities and good living in the future.
 YU Changming, & WU Peiyang. (2018). A review of the evaluation methods of walkability of urban green space. Chinese Garden Architecture, 34(4), 18-23.
 SUN Guibo, & HE Jie. (2018). A Preliminary Study on Urban Walking Behavior in China. Urban and rural planning.
 Gu Hao, Zhou Kaichen, & Wang Lan. (2019). Research on Walking Index Evaluation and Optimization from Health Perspective: A Case Study of Jing’an District, Shanghai. International Urban Planning Journal, 34(5), 43-49.]
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This was a very interesting article, I was fascinated by the idea of neighbourhood streets versus pedestrian friendly streets and while reading this article I learned about different ideas.In the modern world it is vital to consider neighbourhood streets and pedestrian friendly streets. Pedestrian space is a hot topic and reading this article has definitely broadened my horizons. I was very interested in the article on access spaces, residential spaces, compatible spaces, street interfaces and spatial organisation, all of which are design elements that make up a more pedestrian-friendly street. So, I did some research.
From traditional walking to the prevalence of the car and the return of modern urban pedestrianism, urban development has undergone a baptism of humanist thought and environmental awareness, and the humane demand to restore the open space of friendly pedestrian streets has grown stronger.
Firstly, 【1】an important component of a pedestrian street is the street environment; pedestrian behaviour is related to the pedestrian environment, with a good pedestrian environment stimulating a variety of travel behaviours and, conversely, limiting them. Different types of street can result in different amounts of time spent on the street by pedestrians. Pedestrian streets need to have a sense of safety, pedestrian flow and streetscape.【2】Planning strategies such as road section design and crossing layout differ for different pedestrian road classes. The Chicago project uses a ‘design tree’ to classify the different street types in relation to the area in which they are located and to provide a planning model for each type. Furthermore, the width of the street needs to be considered, as well as the proportion of the street width to the overall road width. It is not meaningful to study the width of a pedestrian street in isolation, but rather to match it to the width of the motorway in order to reflect whether the pedestrian street is built to be pedestrian friendly and whether it functions well.【3】The street surface is a reflection of the diversity of visual objects and streets. The richness of the street frontage has a positive impact on walking and enhances its interest, greenery, trees, seating, graffiti, are all part of the street interface.
【1】Building a pedestrian-friendly city